If you like quilting but do not know where it starts, we present our basic step-by-step instruction for quilting. The main principles about quilting work are stated here. There are different styles of quilting, but the basic process and procedure are the same for each of them. How to start the project?
Step 1. Create a draft of your future quilt.
You need to draw a quilt pattern you are going to work with. You should take a sheet of paper, a pencil and a ruler. First you have to decide the size and style of the item. For example, it can be a blanket with 2-meter width and 2-meter length. Then you have to define the design. We are going to use a quilt block design. Then we draw the location of blocks in our scheme. Pick the pattern for each block and mark it in the scheme. If it is an image, mark the contours of the future picture.
The scheme of quilt can be also created with a help of special quilt design software. There are plenty of programs such as Quilted Photo Deluxe, EQ7, PC Quilt, Quiltsoft, QuiltPro, Quilting Studio etc. You can decide which one to pick.
Step 2. Selecting and calculating the fabric.
On this stage we have to define the color gamut of our quilt. The combination of textures and colors of the fabric is essential. That is why being responsible at this stage is very important. It will define the beauty and expressiveness of your/the project. Now we need to calculate the amount and type of fabric that will be used. For instance, if the size of the blanket is 2 m X 2 m, then framing D width is 15 cm, framing F width 8,5 cm, quilt block A, B and C is 45 cm X 45 cm. Don’t forget about 0,6 mm gaps for stitches on each side. What do we have? Framing D 201,2 cm X 16,2 cm (4). Framing E 171,2 cm X 8,5 cm (4). Framing G 154,2 cm X 8,5 cm (2). Framing F 46,2 cm X 8,5 cm (6). Block A 46,2 cm X 46,2 cm (4). Block B 46,2 cm X 46,2 cm (4). Block C 46,2 cm X 46,2 cm (1). If you use quilt software, there is a function for calculating fabric. It makes a needle master's life much easier.
Step 3. Marking and cutting the fabric.
To make the task less complicated, we make patterns from thick paper or cardboard of equal size as our fabric patterns. Remember that you should take gaps for stitches (0,6 cm from each side) into account when creating patterns. Then place the patterns on the fabric. Then outline their contours. Cut the fabric using rotary cut. We will also need to cut out the layer of filler and the lower layer of quilt.
Step 4. Put and sew the upper layer of quilt together.
Mark our finished pieces of fabric in order not to mix them up with the others. Markers on the fabric should be the same as markers in our scheme. You can sew the pieces of fabric together by hands or using a home sewing machine.
How to sew a quilt together?
First, we sew small details. In our sample we start from the left corner. Sew block A with the block of framing F (46,2 cm X 8,5 cm). Then we sew block B with the block of framing F, and then with block A again. It is our first group. Now we proceed to the second group. Sew block B with the framing block F, with block C, then with the framing block F and block B. The third group of blocks is made similarly to the first one.
Then we sew the first group together with the framing block G (154,2 cm X 8,5 cm), and sew the second group of blocks with it from below. Then we sew the framing block G again and sew the third group of blocks from below.
Now we trim the whole project with long framing E. The last stage of combining is sewing framing D. So the first layer of our quilt is finished.
Step 5. Combine our quilting “sandwich”
The first layer needs to be ironed. Attach the batting and backing to it. Pin them together and then carefully stitch all the layers. And our “sandwich” is “cooked”.
Step 6. Quilting.
Quilt the quilt by hands or using a home sewing machine. You can use different stitches.
Step 7. Finishing.
Trim the edges of the product using a ribbon or a special strip.
These are 7 steps you need to follow to get a unique quilt. We hope this article will be helpful for you in this interesting, beautiful and useful work called quilting.