Knitting is a art in which loops of yarn are interlocked with the assistance of needles and creates any designs of your dreams. Knitting is more than just a hobby - it is therapy and stress relief. Knitting has a sedative effect on the nervous system, and develops fine motor skills. That is why this wonderful hobby is a part of some medical treatment programs.
History of knitting goes into ancient days. Stockings are the most ancient (1000-1500 BC) knitted artifact known to historians. It has been found in Egypt. Knitting was widely used in the Ancient East and penetrated into Europe with the Crusades in the 10-12 centuries. Knitting still remains a favorite hobby for millions of people.
Yarn and needles for knitting
The basic material for knitting is yarn. In the production of yarn both natural and synthetic fibers can be used. Very often the yarn consists of a mixture of natural and synthetic fibers. In such situations composition and percentage of fibers is indicated on the label.
Natural fibers include wool fibers, vegetable fibers and silk. Wool fibers come in variety of types. Alpaca wool of llama or alpaca. Angora wool of angora or rabbit. Cashmere wool of goat Kashmir state in India. Sheep wool - wool from the first sheep haircut. There are several types of sheep wool depending on the place of cultivation and the breed of sheep. This is merino wool from fleece of merino sheep, Australia. Shetland wool from the Shetland Islands, Scotland. Mohair - a fiber from the Angora wool sheep or lambs. Mohair yarn is previously napped.
Vegetable fibers are cotton and linen.
Synthetic fibers are acrylic, polyester, nylon, and lycra. Viscose and acetate silk are chemically treated cellulose fibers that were extracted from wood.
Thickness and texture of yarn is also very diverse. Select the desired thickness of yarn based on the product you want to knit. Thick yarn is suitable for warm outerwear. Thin filaments are right for summer clothing.
Knitting needles are the basic tool of every knitter. There are three types of knitting needles: straight needles, two-sided needles and circular needles. Straight knitting needles have sharp edges on the one side and the stopper on the other side to prevent stitches from slipping when knitting is not flew. Some knitting techniques require sharp edges on both sides of the knitting needle. Such knitting needles are called two-sided. There are also circular knitting needles. They are two knitting needles connected by a flexible cord. Dimension of knitting needles depends on its thickness, which is equal to the diameter of the spokes. Knitting needles can be from 0 to 50 in size. The length of knitting needles may vary from 9 to 14 inches. The bigger the product is the longer needle needed while knitting.
Additional tools that may be needed: scissors, pins for unfinished stitches, coils for threads of different colors, a tape measure, a ruler, a needle for joining the knitted parts.
The main types of stitches in knitting
There are two types of stitches in knitting. The first type is a knit stitch. The second type is purl stitch. You can interchange them with each other and with omitting of stitches, make braids and rib knit stitches, as well as a continuous sheet.
Collecting of stitches. In order to start knitting you have to collect stitches on the knitting needles first. Collected stitches would be the first row. There are several ways to collect stitches. Collecting stitches with the help of a thumb, collecting stitches as it is made while knit stitch knitting, and collecting braids knitting technique.
Finishing of knitting or closing stitches. Closing of stitches can be done in several ways: using knit stitch, purl stitches, shaped edge and embossed seal.
Addition of stitches. In knitting, to make a product bigger, addition of stitches is used.
Decreasing of stitches. To make the product smaller, decreasing of stitches is used.
Openwork knitting. Openwork knitting is decorative knitting. It is divided into three types: openwork, hemstitch and lace.
Multi-color knitting. If more than one color of yarn is used while knitting, this technique is called multi-colored.
Double knitting is necessary for thickening of knitted products. Two layers are knitted at the same time.
You can also look for patterns for knitting clothes for adults, children, different accessories and toys.