Antique tapestry is a true art. This type of craft has been known to the world for over 4,000 years. We have already told you about the technique of tapestry weaving, as well as the different types of tapestries and the manner of their execution. In this article, we want to get into the origins of antique tapestries.
Antique Tapestry in Peru
The earliest mention of the art of weaving tapestries, dates back to 2,500 years BC. Ancient Peruvians were weave edging to decorate clothing and carpets. It is interesting that archaeologists have found that those goods’ density is about 200 split picks per 1 cm2. This is the finest work ever. However, common density of Peruvian tapestry fragment weaving is 60-100 split picks per 1 cm 2.
Antique Tapestry in egypt
The most famous egyptian antique tapestry is a linen mantling in the tomb of Thutmose IV, which shows the scarabs and lotus. Scarabs and lotus flowers are the symbols of rebirth after death, as well as the power of the Sun God and the infinity of the Pharaoh life. Amazingly the archaeologists have found the image of the weaving process in that tomb, dating back to about 14 century BC. The scientists suggest that the weaving was known in Mesopotamia around 6000 BC. Then, it came to egypt.
Antique Tapestry in Ancient Greece
Ancient Greece has also produced woven products like tapestry. This can be confirmed from the book ‘Odyssey’ of Homer. Thus, Penelope was weaving a shroud for her father-in-law. Also, the goddess Athena was considered the Patroness of all the weavers in ancient Greece.
Antique Tapestry in the Far east
In ancient China, the art of weaving silk tapestries, or ‘K’o-ssu’, has been widely developed. These are small paintings, woven on the basis of silk threads. The craftswomen used the finest bamboo hook and wooden brush, which thickens the threads. This is really amazing how woven pictures could have the thinnest vertical light gaps, at the borders of different color patterns. The thing is that the tapestry was performed without color-in-color hookup. The art of weaving K’o-ssu came to Japan from China in the 3rdcentury. However, they used a cotton fabric as a weft. Cotton threads were wrapped by silk or precious threads.
Antique Tapestry in europe
Tapestry came to europe from Arab Spain, having become a truly monumental kind of crafts. Tapestries became a decoration of cathedrals, castles and homes of aristocrats. Woven carpet pictures served not only as beautiful decoration. They also provided warmth and comfort in the cool climate of northern europe.
The earliest known woven pictures appeared in Germany in the 12th century. They decorated the churches and houses of nobles, where the pictures were woven in monasteries and at small textile workshops. Most often, the patterns of German tapestries represented different Bible stories. The images on the tapestries were quite primitive.
Antique tapestry Milfler was spread in France in the 15th century. The main characteristic feature of those tapestries is a floral pattern, which consists of many flowers and berries on a green background. ‘The Lady with the Unicorn’ is the most popular series of tapestries, exhibited in the Cluny Museum in Paris. The Milfler tapestries portrayed allegorical, biblical or philosophical themes.
Flander tapestries of Arras were very popular in the 14th century. They were made bright, symbolic and very far from everyday routine.
Landscape tapestries are called ‘verdures’. The golden age of this type of tapestry weaving began in the late 15th-18th century. Verdure stories displayed beautiful landscapes, thickets of trees, ponds, mythical and realistic animals. At that time, many factories and workshops produced verdures in France and Flanders.
Antique tapestry is still being highly appreciated these days. The holders of these wonderful art pieces can definitely be proud of such an investment.