You are charmed by the beauty and variety of beads and you are inspired to create a handmade masterpiece, something like jewelry, home décor or beaded flowers. You have already purchased all needed tools and materials. But you don’t know how to start. Let us overview basic beading techniques that will help you to do any handiwork.
Cross-stitch techniquehas been known and popular for a long time. This method helps you to create pendants, necklaces, belts and bracelets as well as beaded table-napkins. These handiworks look like a densely knitted net. This sort of beading requires specific skills and abilities.
Honeycomb beadwork technique.
Honeycomb beadwork techniqueis complicated and used seldom. It’s made with two needles. The handiwork consists of regular hexagons and looks like nets made of dozens of flowers.
Multi-strand necklace technique.
Multi-strand necklace techniquewas used in the ancient times. Straps were beaded with this method linking long strung threads in a previously determined order. It’s necessary to have enough working space when beading with multi-strand necklace technique to avoid tangling of threads.
Mosaic techniqueis the densest beading method. Beads are set in rows displaced like brickwork.
Using this technique you can bead either with one or two needles.
You also need:
- 1. round or faceted seed beads;
- 2. kevlar thread or fishing line;
- 3. needles (better with a short shaft and a blunt end).
To become experienced in mosaic technique you need to accurately follow the scheme. Patterns with diagonal lines predominate in this technique.
That sort of beading is used to make decorations and accessories such as:
- 1. bracelets;
- 2. necklaces;
- 3. belts;
- 4. beaded high-strength flowers of mid-plasticity.
Practically, mosaic beading can be considered as a complicated way because from the very beginning work results are frequently irregular. In this case lots of patience is an asset, you will blossom out with a new row.
Brick stitchis an ancient form of beading. It looks like mosaic beading. Nevertheless, there is a difference between these two beadworks. Beading with brick stitch you place seed beads horizontally, while in mosaic technique they are placed vertically. Mosaic technique can be applied to a variety of easily made flat handiworks. However, using a brick stitch is better for pieces of more complicated forms and beads of different size.
Beading ladders.Using this technique, you can create varieties of adornments. You just need:
spangle and cutting beads used in combination with round beads;
two beading needles;
strong thread or fishing line.
Netting techniqueis - used to create beading containers, Easter eggs, beaded collars, and cases. Beaded netting cases with small cell keep the shape perfectly, and a dress with lacy netted bead collars looks stunning. It is possible to create necklaces, belts, and various decorations using this technique. Beaded netting generally involves using a single thread.
One of the most famous beadwork isloom weaving. This beading is made with horizontal rows between vertically strained threads as the basis. Actually, it’s very important to follow the scheme. Round seed beads, sometimes Japanese square beads or spangle are used for this purpose. Beads should be equal in size. If not, the surface of beadwork will crook and ridge. At the same time you need:
fishing line or strong kevlar thread of medium size;
loom, of course.
Off loom weaving or stitchingenables a handicraft look like loom work.
There are two methods of such beading:
Direct imitation or Square stitch, when beadwork is similar to loom weaving and made across the piece.
Vertical Square Stitch when beadwork is made lengthwise. This process is less toilsome than direct imitation, but rows resemble a herringbone.
Mostly, parallel bead weaving techniqueinvolves using a wire. Beadwork is made with two wire (thread) ends towards each other in each row. This technique is used to craft leaves and petals for beaded flowers as well as different parts of bulk form beaded figurines.
French weaving technique
French weaving techniqueis used to make beaded flowers and trees creating petals and leaves of different shapes.
Bulk form beading become popular in recent years. This method can help you to create varieties of straps: round and square, tight and open-work. Bulk form beading can involve spangle and cutting seed beads which will add inimitable charmto bulk necklaces, balls, flowers, snowflakes and plenty of animal figurines.
Beadwork has been constantly developing. New authorial techniques continue to appear, for example, beaded embroidery.
You can combine techniques as well as mix any methods known and different materials.