There are many techniques of tapestry weaving. Having mastered them you will be able to weave unique tapestries. The most important techniques are:
compound tapestry fragments of different colors;
implementation of vertical and inclined lines;
Some of these techniques are not traditional but they are very interesting. Let’s review them in details.
You may compound colors in two ways.
You compound colors through the warp thread. It means that the thread of one color ends on the warp thread. And from the last one you begin to weave with the thread of another color. As a result, we have a smooth transition where one color passes into another.
The second way is weaving of pieces of different colors back to back. It means that a piece of one color ends on the first warp thread, and a piece of another color begins on the second warp thread. This method is more common because except of color transition it adds a certain relief and visibility of contours. It makes a tapestry very nice.
While weaving a tapestry you can make any straight vertical, horizontal or inclined line. You can also make any curved or rounded element. With the help of such variety, you can represent complex objects, landscapes, people and animals. To do it you have to make compound and transmission of threads of two colors exactly as in a given circuit. Technique of two colors combination by combining threads in some places is more typical for slanted lines. This technique is also used for making rounded elements and elements with curved forms. The joints of two colors, which are not connected, form a circuit and a small gap between the elements. This gap attaches additional relief and volume to details.
This technique is not so widely used though it deserves proper attention. Weaving your tapestry in circular technique, you have to arrange colored weft threads in the circular direction. With the help of this technique your tapestry will look like a picture made with large brush strokes. It’s better to use thicker threads for circular technique as they emphasize the texture of your tapestry.
You can use this technique in order to emphasize the contour of the object. To do it you have to entwine two warp threads (front and back) with the working thread. To make a contour we usually use thicker threads.
Decorative cords in a tapestry pattern will make your tapestry more interesting. That’s why technique of weaving decorative cords is combined with conventional woven fabric tapestry. You can twine either one warp thread or a few of
them with decorative cords. Such cords can be used for edging tapestry fragments or as separate decorative items by combining different textures and colored threads.
While weaving a tapestry, you may use various threads and other decorative elements. For example, tapestry composition will look better with woven pieces of leather or stalks of grass. If you apply Cuban sisal fiber, you’ll get a beautiful effect of golden color. If you weave separate strands of fiber with the working threads and leave the strand ends free on the front of the tapestry, you’ll get fluffy and volume effect.
You may also decorate your tapestry with feathers, stalks of straw or grass and even with thin bamboo sticks. Skillfully woven beads look excellent on the tapestry too. To do it you have to string beads on the weft thread and then lay it as in a simple woven cloth through 1 warp thread or by decking through several threads.
Having mastered all these techniques of tapestry weaving you will be able to create stunning tapestries. The most important thing is that there is no limit to your imagination and creativity.