The chain stitch is one of the most widespread stitches used in different types of needlework. The chain stitch is widely used in embroidery as a decorative stitch. There are a few varieties and techniques of performing this stitch.
Basic chain stitch
This stitch may be made in a circle, line, or as a fragment. The width and the direction of the chain stitch depend on the embroidery composition. The thread is fixed on the wrong side of the fabric, and the needle is passed to the right side of the cloth. Make a puncture next to the thread that is going out. A big loop is formed on the face side of the fabric. Pass the needle from the back side to the face side with a distance of the stitch’s width from the loop’s base. Tighten the loop, and take out the needle above the loop. Tighten the stitch.
Chain stitch with a crochet
Chain stitch may be performed with a crochet. You are going to need a thin metallic crochet that can pass freely through the fabric that you are embroidering on. The crochet mustn’t leave big holes in the areas that arepunctured. The technique is very simple. Stretch the fabric on the tambour. Fix the thread from the ball on the wrong side of the fabric in point 1, push the crochet from the right side of the fabric to the wrong side. Pick the working thread up and pull a loop to the right side of the fabric. Then, leaving the crochet in the loop, pierce the fabric in point 2, which equals the width of the stitch from point 1. Pull the loop from the thread to the right side of the fabric and continue until the end.
Twisted chain stitch
A twisted chain stitch may be made on the base of the basic chain stitch. You will need to take a thread of contrasting color and make straight or slanted stitches with certain intervals on top of the basic stitch. You are going to get a flashy, decorative stitch.
Broadened chain stitch
Broadened chain stitch is performed the same way as a basic chain stitch. The difference is in the width of the stitch. To make a broader chain stitch, stick the needle with some distance horizontally from the previous puncture. This stitch looks broader and with more relief when compared to the basic one.
Double chain stitch
Double chain stitch is probably the most complicated of all the kinds of chain stitches. The needle with the thread is taken out to the right side of the fabric in point 1. Make a free stitch to point 2. Prick point 3 from the wrong to the right side of the cloth. Make a small loop from point 3 to point 4. Prick from the wrong to the right side of the cloth in point 5. Make a free stitch to point 6. From the wrong side of the fabric, pass to point 7. Then, the second part of the double chain stitch. Pass the thread under the intersections of stitches 1-2 and 3-4. Next, make a loop and pass the needle with the thread under the intersections of stitches 3-4 and 5-6. Take the needle out from the wrong side of the cloth in the point 8. The double chain stitch is completed. To continue, you need to take the needle out from the wrong to the right side in the point 9.
Chain stitch hook
Chain stitch hook looks like an incomplete loop. It differs from the basic chain stitch: when you make a loop, the 2ndpuncture of the loop needs to be made a distance away from the 1stpuncture, both vertically and horizontally. The direction of the chain stitch a hook may be both right and left, or you may alternate the directions.
Chain stitch herring-bone is quite simple and original. It’s made in this way: Make a loop from the point 1 to point 2. Pull the needle out from the wrong side in point 3. Make the 2ndloop to the right from point 3 into the point 4. The needle is pulled out from point 5 from the wrong side to the right side. Then, make a loop to the left side: points 5 and 6. Pull the needle out from the wrong side in point 7. Keep embroidering in this way, alternating right and left stitches.
Now you know whata chain stitchis and how you can apply it for contour embroidering and clothes, or for the decoration of other items