The cold batikcloth painting technique is a verycreative andinteresting activity.You can create a picture of any difficulty on a fabric; it dependson skillsand imaginationof the artist.In a previous article, weintroduced you to thehot batiktechnique, and inthis article, you will learnwhat youneed to workin the coldbatiktechnique and will be familiarized withthe process.
We need materialson whichwe candraw.The main materialissilk,it is perfect forcold batiktechnique.Butyou can also use othermaterials such ascotton orlinen, and in some cases you can usewool.In this technique, it is bestto paint on thenaturalfiber fabric.Ifyou are just learning, it would be the best to choosecotton orlinen,and in the futurewith practice you canswitch to silk.
Dyes and reserve
Dyes for fabric painting in cold batik technique are liquid and water-based.There is a wide range of manufacturers and great variety of colors available on the market. For a beginner it is more convenient to purchase a set of paints with primary colors straight away.In the process of drawing you can mix colors and get desired shades and colors.There are dyes for silk only or universal, which will be suitable for any fabric.Carefully review the application guide before you buy dyes!All fabric dyes manufacturers specify what materials this paint is suitable for, whether or not it is resistant to water washout, and required fixing method.
The reserve is a characteristic feature of the cold batik technique.The reserve is semi-liquid adhesive substance which outlines the dyed area on the fabric.
There is a transparent reserve, which can then be washed off with warm water and different colors contours for fabric dyeing, and one which becomes a part of the picture and is fixed (made washout resistant) along with dyes.
Brushesand cotton swabsfor applyingdyeson the fabric
You would need the following items: container with watertowash brushesand papernapkinstodry brushes.
You may also needa color-mixingpalette; this will depend on thecolor scale of the image.
Let’s study the basic principle ofcold batiktechnique.This techniqueis quitesimple.The imageis transferredonto the fabric, outlines of the fabric areas are reserved and then, painted overevenly.Itis important to rememberthat the reserve and the dyeshould be appliedevenly andcarefully.There are 5 stepsof entire process:
1. Select a template
You need tochoose apattern thatcan be divided into limited closedareas of the samecolor.
2. Pattern application on afabric
The pattern is drawn onthe fabricwith a fabric pencil ormarker, which is laterwashed off.Simplypinthe pattern under your fabric and trace outlines.If the fabric isthick,it is better toilluminate thepattern with alamp.
3. Fastenthe fabriconto a frame.
Take aframeof the appropriate size andfastenthe fabriconto it. The fabricshould befirmly stretched; thequality of the paintings depends on it.
4. Outlining patternwith reservesolution
Fill theglass tubewith the reserveor takea pre-made contour pipe with the appropriate nozzle diameter.First,tryit on a piece offabric, pressthe contour pipe or glass tube tightly to the fabric.Rememberthat ourreserve outline should follow the pattern evenlyand clearly.Each color should beenclosedto prevent accidentalcolormixing. Dry thesurface with a hair dryeror justwait the amount timespecifiedby the reserve manufacturer.
5. Fillingthe picture withcolors
Before fillingthe finishedreserve outline,you need to checkits consistency.Todo this, takea cotton swabsoaked inpure waterwith a drop of shampooandsoakthe area. If the waterdoes not getbeyond the outline, then everything is done correct.In areas where the outline wasnot consistent, apply reserveagain fromthe inside. Check theconsistency of thereserveagain andyou are readyto dye application.
Dyesare appliedwith a brushor a cottonswab.In order for the paintto have an evenlook wipe the painted surfacewith a damp cotton ball.
6. Dye fixing
Allow your artwork to dry completely, thenit can be takenoff theframe. You might need to fix colors.Read themanufacturer's instructionsfor dye fixing.
Somecolorsare fixedbyironingfrom the inside.Other colorsshould besubjected todryheat treatment, or, simply,baked in the oven.
Yourwonderful creationis finished.Use batiktechnique to create paintings, home decoration, home furnishing and lot of more. It is a delightful hobby and it is also an enjoyable way to use your unique creativity and talent.