Filet crochet is a very simple kind of fancywork and crocheting in particular. Despite the simplicity of the works performed in the fillet technique, their beauty and uniqueness aren’t inferior to the most complicated kinds of crocheting. Filet crochet is the interchanging of the filled and blank squares. The squares, filled with crochets, create an image in the background of the blank squares the net. To master this kind of fancywork, we need to deal with chains, single crochets and double crochets.
The methods of crocheting in the technique of Filet crochet
What does the pattern for Filet crochet correspond to? As mentioned above, it’s a net with filled squares. As a general rule, the filled squares of the net are responsible for creating the design of the pattern. However, it just so happens that the design is created by the blank squares. In this case, a contrast background is put under the knitted piece of clothing. The size of the net’s squares may vary. The bigger the size of the work, the bigger the squares. An average and the most frequently used size for the net in fillet crocheting is double crochet, 2 chains for the blank square, and 3 double crochets for the filled square. Combining filled and blank squares, any 2-color image or pattern may be created. The width and length of the squares may be changed by the number of chains and the number of double crochets. A net with even bigger squares may be created: 1 double crochet, 3 (4,5) chains for the blank squares, and 4 (5,6) double crochets for the filled squares.
Main features of the Filet crochet
The crochet for fillet crocheting must be one size smaller than the one you’ve used for regular crocheting. The crochets must be very dense to maintain the permanent shape of the squares. As a matter of fact, the work will look neater if all the squares are the same length and width.
When crocheting double crochets into the double crochets of the previous row, the crochet must be brought into the front loop of the braid of the previous row.
When crocheting the filled squares over the blank ones, you need to bring the crochet under the entire chain of the previous row.
Filet crochet in the example of a simple chess pattern
Let’s consider an example of how many chains of the row 0 need to be crocheted if our pattern is a simple chess net, 10 squares wide. The size of the blank square is 1 double crochet and 2 chains. The size of the filled square is 3 double crochets.
Let’s count how many chains we need to crochet for the base. 10Х3+2 mending loops. 32 loops in total. Сrochet a chain out of chains. Then crochet 2 double crochets into the chains of the previous row. Next *1 dc, 2 ch, 3 dc* 4 times, then 1 dc, 2 ch, 1 dc. All the following rows: turn the work, 2 mending chains, and crochet further as you did in the 1st row.
Having mastered simple geometrical patterns in Filet crochet, you may move on to the artistic images. Before you start the work, it’s recommended that you pay attention to the suggested yarn and crochet thickness, the size of the net, and the number of the mending loops in every row.
Specialized ready patterns or those created with the use of crocheting software may be applied for Filet crochet. However, you may reorganize any 2-color pattern into a scheme, consisting of the squares in the software for cross embroidery.
Filet crochet is a wonderful technique. By applying it, you may create summer clothes: tops, skirts, dresses, jumpers, etc. Filet crochet may even be used for the trimming clothes: crocheted insertions, filet lace. Wonderful serviettes, table cloths, covers, pictures and panels can be made using this technique.