A pile carpet , a hand-made one, has always presented a great value for its owners. A hand-made carpet involves many months of laborious work. This skill was famous long ago, even before Christ. Carpet art has widely spread in the east. Persian and Turkish carpets are famous all over the world. A hand-made pile carpet is made through the knot technique. We are going to describe the main instruments of carpet-making and the technique for making major carpet knots.
To make a hand-made pile carpet you are going to need the following instruments:
A vertical weaver’s loom
A loom is the main instrument that looks like a vertical frame with threads of the basis drawn on it. The threads of the basis are laid by a stick-delimiter, to make the weaving of a carpet comfortable. The balls of the threads, which a master uses to make the carpet knots, are suspended. The threads of the basis must be drawn well during the process of the carpet making.
A shuttle is used for the convenience of the drawing of the weft thread between the rows with knots.
The carpet’s pile is combed with a comb before its trimming in order to equalize all the knots and threads.
A carpet beetle
A carpet beetle is used to compact the carpet cloth.
A hook knife
A hook knife is used to cut off a thread right away after making knots from the yarn in balls.
Sharp scissors are needed for trimming the carpet’s pile The razors of the scissors must be well sharpened.
Types of carpet knots
Here are 2 of the most wide-spread types of carpet knots, which both have an eastern heritage.
A Turkish knot
A Turkish knot is very famous in carpet weaving. Its advantage is in its high firmness and symmetry. A Turkish knot is made on two threads of the basis.
1. A thread of the required length, not less than 2 in, is cut off from the ball.
2. The cut off thread is thrown over 2 threads of the basis from the face side.
3. The ends of the threads are passed between the 2 threads from the back side to the face side with a crochet.
4. The knot is tightened and lowered on the edge of the cloth.
The approximate length of the thread’s ends, with the left outside, is 1 in. Afterwards, the pile is trimmed to the required length.
A knot senne or farsy-baft
A knot senne or farsy-baft originates from Persia. In ancient times, Persian carpets were one of the most valuable objects available. The special feature of the Persian knot is in its asymmetry. A knot senne may be directed to the right or to the left side. Therefore, the carpet’s pile would either be smooth or bristle. A Persian knot is made on 2 threads.
The right Persian knot
1. A thread from the ball is passed over the left thread, under the right thread. The end is pulled out to make the pile end of 1 in.
2. A loop round the left thread from the back side to the face side between the 2 threads is pulled out.
3. The loop is cut.
4. The 2 obtained ends of the pile are tightened and lowered onto the edge of the cloth.
The left Persian knot is made as a reflection of the right one.
A hand-made pile carpet: Weaving technique
1. The threads of the basis are drawn on the loom’s frame very tightly and closely. The tension strength of the threads of the basis must be equal during the entire period of working on the carpet.
2. Weave 10-20 rows of the weft thread to consolidate the carpet’s edge.
3. Weave a row of knots. Every knot is made on 2 threads of the basis.
4. Pass 2 rows of the weft thread in one direction and in the opposite one.
5. Take a carpet beetle and thoroughlylay the rows of the weft thread and knots to the bottom of the cloth.
6. Repeat items 3-5 until the length reaches approximately 10-16 in. Comb the pile with the comb and trim it to the required length.
7. Proceed until the end of the carpet. Finish the end with 10-20 rows of the weft thread. Twine round the carpet’s edges for their consolidation.
8. Cut off the ends of the threads of the basis to the required length and make a fringe out of them.
Now you know how to make a hand-made pile carpet.