In a previous article called ‘General Rules of Knitting Socks’, we introduced you to the steps of knitting a sock. This time, we’ll describe the types of knitting of sock heels in details.
As it was mentioned earlier, a sock heel can be knitted in 2 ways: either stepped heel or straight heel knitting.
Knitting Socks: Stepped Heel
A stepped heel is knitted with needles 1 and 4. Needles 2 and 3 can be put aside. You can knit sock heels with the front satin stitch or fixed stitch knitting. Refer to the table in order to see the number of stitches and the rows for the first and second stages.
The First Stage: Fixed Stitch Knitting of the Heel
The first stage is to knit a heel with fixed stitch knitting. Row 1 is knitted with front stitches: slip stitch 1 to the back one, draw the working thread alongside the working item, and knit a front stitch. Knit row 2 with back stitches. Row 3 is knitted the following way: 1 front stitch and 1 stitch slipped to the back one. Row 4 is knitted with back stitches. Then, repeat the procedure from the 1st to the 4th row.
The Second Stage of Knitting a Sock Heel
Slip the shown in the table number of stitches from the side of the 1st heel stage, and knit the second stage. Knit the second stage with the front stitch in rows, according to the number on the table. Next, knit in the following way.
Collect stitches from the edge of the second stage. See the number of stitches on the table. Knit the last collected stitch from the edge of the second stage, along with the next slipped stitch of the first stage, similar to the front stitch sticking way. Turn the working item, slip 1 back stitch, and knit it as a back one. Collect the stitches from the edge of the second stage. Knitting the last stitch, enter the needle into the edge of the second stage, and place it back, along with at the slipped stitch of the first stage. Again, turn the working item, slip 1 stitch and knit it with a front satin stitch. The last stitch of the row is to be knitted with the next slipped stitch of the 1st stage. Then, knit the stitches with the front stitches, until all the slipped stitches of the first stage become connected to the stitches of the second stage. At this point, our stepped heel is ready. Now, we can continue knitting a crotch of the instep, as described in the previous article.
Knitting Socks: Straight Heel
A straight heel of the sock consists of 2 parts: the wall of the heel and the bottom of the heel.
The Wall of the Heel
The wall of the sock heel is knitted with needles 1 and 4. Needles 2 and 3 can be put aside. Knit the wall of the heel with front satin stitches. 3 side stitches are knitted on both sides of the heel wall, with a garter stitch. We need to knit the number of rows that equal to the number of stitches in row 1, minus 2.
The Lower Part of the Heel
The total number of wall heel stitches is divided into 3 parts. The middle part of the stitches will be knitted with a front satin stitch. Knit the front stitch along with the last stitch of the middle part, plus the following stitch of the side part. Turn the working item, slip 1 stitch to a back one, and knit the last stitch of the middle part, along with the back, and next stitches of the side part. Turn the working item, slip 1 stitch to a front one, and knit a row with front stitches. Knit the last stitch of the middle part, along with the next stitch of the side part. Thus, you will knit until all the stitches of the side part of the heel simply come to end. Next, knit the instep crotch, as indicated in the previous article.
A Toe with Stars
A toe with stars is knitted from the circular row while decreasing. Knit the front satin stitches and decrease 8 stitches in each row. If you multiply the number of stars by 2, this number should be equal to the number of stitches on each needle. If the number of stitches on the knitting needles is even, the number of stars is equal to the number of rows with decreased stitches. The number of stitches between decreased stitches equals the number of rows of the next row that is decreasing. After all the decreasing, there must be 2 stitches on the needles. They are to be pulled by a double folded thread. If the number of stitches on each needle is odd, then it is necessary to start from the decreasing stitches from the previous to the 1st tow row.
Now you know that knitting socks is not only useful, but also interesting needlework.