Macramé is a decorative craft. The basic elements of work are knots and various kinds of cord interweaving. This technique has been known since the late 17th century. And it still attracts attention of many experts. If you want to spend quality time with use and experience creative satisfaction, macramé will suit you perfectly.
What is Macramé?
Many hundreds years ago when humans learn how to use cord very well, fancywork like macramé appeared. Everything started with tying a knot out of two cords. Knots were getting more intricate with time, taking turns, composing complicated sequences and finally turned into the real art of weaving. You may come across knotty weaving in different cultures and different epochs. The idea of macramé was mentioned in the 19th century in Europe for the first time. However, knotty weaving came to us from the Ancient East. The origins of it can be found in Ancient China. The word “macramé” itself is more similar to the Turkish word “makrama” which means stylish fringy shawl.
What will you need for the work?
The most important and major thing is threads and cords. What kind of thread you need to choose depends on the item you are going to weave. For thin items you will need thin silky and nylon or cotton threads. For clothes you may use woolen threads of tight twist. For accessories, bags, belts, adornment you may use thick cotton, linen and synthetic threads. For wall decorations for the interior or carpets, there are woven twisted cords of different diameter.
To decorate a weaving you may need various rings, beads and other items of decoration.
Padded base is a cushion with foam rubber or foam plastic filling.
Sewing pins to fix your work on the padded base.
A ruler or a tape measure.
A crochet hook.
Screw-clamps to fix your weaving to the table may be necessary in some cases.
How to weave?
Knotty weaving or macramé includes a few ways of weaving.
1. Fixing the threads.
To fix the weaving thread to the base 6 main kinds of fixing are used.
Threads fixing with lark’s head reverse thread mounting.
Threads fixing with lark’s head normal thread mounting
Thread fixing with double lark’s head normal thread mounting. This method is carried out like thread fixing with lark’s head normal thread mounting but, in addition, right and left threads are fixed to their appropriate sides once more.
Double half hitches thread mounting.
There are a few more kinds of thread mounting.
2. Basic knots
There are simple and double knots. A knot is made by interweaving of two threads. Types of knots can be various like weaving, sewing, tie knots and different sea knots.
- Flat or square knot is woven out of 4 threads.Two basic threads are still and fixed. Their length is equal to the length of macramé item plus 2 inches Side threads are weaving ones. They are 4 times longer than the basic threads.
Flat knot made out of 6 threads.Out of 4 threads in the middle a square knot is made as mentioned above. Then these threads go beneath and then using the 1st and the 6th threads one more flat knot is made.
The Spiral Braidcan be right-twisted and left-twisted. For the right twisted braid you need to put the side thread always on the left over 2 basic ones and always extend the right thread on the right diagonally. This way your braid will be twisted to the right. For the left-twisted braid you need to do the same, just as a mirror image, i.e. put the right thread over the basic ones and extend the left thread diagonally.
Connection knot.Make a loop with the right thread over the left thread and passing the right thread into it, connect these two threads.
Hitches. Hitches are a few identical knots situated very close to each other. There are plenty of variations of hitches. Rows of hitches are called braids.
Woven braidsalso aren’t the least significant in Macramé technique. The number of threads involved into braid weaving varies from 3 and more.
Different decorative knots are used widely in Macramé weaving technique:“Josephine”, the Chinese Knot, the Turkish Knot, the Knot of Happiness, etc.
3. Handling the lower edge of your work
To finish your work you can use a few options.
The first option is “the clean end”. In this case you finish braiding with hitches picking up extra threads for fixing.
The second one is “an attached fringe”, i.e. the work is at first finished like in the first option and then a fringe is made separately and sewn to the work.
What can be created using macramé technique?
Macramé technique weaving will let you make beautiful and useful things. You can create clothing decoration (collars, lacy insets, cuffs) as well as clothes themselves (tops, skirts and dresses). Macramé weaving can be used for creation of belts, purses, ties and other accessories. You can use macramé for Lighting, Wall, Furniture decoration in your Interior project.