A wonderful openwork weaving technique is known as non-traditional tapestry : a blend of art and needlework. Tapestry which is performed in this technique, strikes the imagination with its sophistication and airiness. The origins of this technique are the Russian backwoods. The Orenburg shawls, famous all over the world, served as inspiration for artists and later led to an appearance of such an unusual openwork tapestry weaving techniqure. By combining patterns, needles, and thread thicknesses, amazing and highly artistic non-traditional tapestry may be created.
What we are going to need for tapestry weaving
We are going to need circular needles. The needles’ diameter depends on the idea of the tapestry and the thickness of the thread. In our case, we’ll use # 8-10.
Small scissors with rounded tips
2-3 bent needles with a big eye
Pins for fixing the tapestry on to the background.
The threads must be thin and strong. In this case, thin cotton, linen, or synthetic threads will be the best options. Woolen or textured threads are better used together with the linen threads.
We will need thick fabric for the tapestry background. The color of the background depends on the composition. If the background is light, light tapestry areas are woven by sparse weaving and the dark ones with dense weaving. If the background is dark, everything is vice versa. Dark tapestry areas are woven by sparse weaving and light ones with dense weaving.
How to make non-traditional tapestry with the openwork weaving technique
Non-traditional tapestry is created according to very simple, but important principles.
1. Sketch the tapestry beforehand. Draw up an idea you like for the tapestry.
2. Make a proposed drawing 1:1. For this, we will need either cardboard or thick paper. Draw the composition of the tapestry on the cardboard. Draw all of the large as well as thesmaller elements of the tapestry. This is the plan for the tapestry that we will attach to the hard surface. Then, on the tapestry sketch, we will fix the knitted cloth which is the basis.
3. Knit the cloth the basis of the tapestry. Knit with the needles using a Stockinette stitch. The dense areas of the knitted cloth are knitted with knits, while the sparse areas of the cloth are knitted with the stitch yarn over. The direction of the knitting may be horizontal, vertical, or even diagonal. The cloth-basis may consist of a few parts with different directions of knitting. Everything depends on the creator’s intentions. In the process of creating the tapestry’s cloth-basis, you will need to stretch the cloth out periodically against the cardboard to make sure that it corresponds to the sketch of your tapestry.
4. Transfer the cloth-basis to the background. Take the fabric for the tapestry background and pull it on to the frame. Then, using the pins, fix the cloth-basis to the background.
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5. Embroidering over stitches. This is an unusual way of embroidering tapestry.. Besides color, this kind of embroidery creates the structure of the composition itself. By joining or spreading the stitches of the cloth-basis, we can create certain images in the tapestry’s composition. The main principle of the embroidering over the stitches is: the stitches must match the texture of the knitted cloth.
There are a few methods of embroidering over the stitches.
1. The stitch passes vertically along the knit and imitates a Stockinette stitch.
2. The stitch passes horizontally along the knit and imitates purling.
3. The stitches, which are embroidered on the stitches yarn over, completely reproduce the way the stitch looks.
4. The stitches yarn over may be sewn together as a web, rosettes, or stars.
Non-traditional tapestry created via the openwork weaving technique represents a wonderful kind of art. Having mastered this technique, you will be able to create an amazing masterpiece, striking a viewer with its elegance. Here are examples of wonderful works, which are performed in the technique of openwork weaving.