Step-by-step Instructions of the Stumpwork Summer Harvest

Detached wired leaf

Wire is couched in place along the centre vein and around the outline of each leaf before it is embroidered, cut out and attached to the main design.

1. Beginning at the tip, couch a length of wire along the centre vein of the leaf.

2. At the base of the leaf, turn the wire and continue to couch around the outline.

3. Cover the outline with closely worked blanket stitch, incorporating the couching stitches

4. Cover the centre vein with overcast stitch.

5. To pad the leaf, fill each half of the leaf with straight stitches.


6, Starting at the base, cover one side with satin stitch, angling the needle under the covered wire.

7. Repeat for the remaining side of the leaf.

8. Stitch the leaf veins with evenly spaced straight stitches.

Ghiordes KNOT

Ghiordes knots are also known as Turkey work and single knot tufting. The velvety pile is formed by leaving every second stitch as a loop which is later cut and combed.

1. Take the needle to the back at A. Pull the thread through, leaving a tail on the front of the fabric.

2. Re-emerge at B, just to the left of A. Take the needle to the back at C, just to the right of A.

3. Hold the tail taut and pull the thread through. Re-emerge at A, splitting the previous stitch.

4. Pull the thread through. With the thread below the needle, take die needle to the back at I).

5. Pull the thread through leaving a small loop. Bring the needle to the front at C and pull through. Take the needle to the back at E.

6. Pull the thread through. Bring the needle to the front at D, splitting the previous stitch.

7. Take the thread to the back at F, leaving a loop on the front

8. Continue to the end of the row. Split the last stitch to finish with the thread on the front. Trim, leaving a tail.

9. Trim the loops to the required length and comb to separate the threads.

Needle-woven BAR

Each needlewoven bar is attached to the fabric at the base only. The tip can be manipulated and anchored to the fabric to give the desired effect. We used no. 8 perle cotton for photographic purposes.

1. Securely anchor the thread on the back. Bring it to the front at A and take to the back at B, leaving a loop on the front.

2. Re-emerge at C, just below A, taking care not to pull the loop through. Pass a piece of waste thread through the loop.

3. Hold the waste thread taut, slightly above the fabric. Continue to hold this taut while you work.

4. Weave the needle over the lower thread of the loop and under the upper thread. Do not pierce the fabric.

5. Full the thread through firmly and push it down onto the fabric with the tip of the needle.

6. Weave the needle over the upper thread and under the lower thread. Do not pierce the fabric.

7. Pull through firmly and push the thread down the loop with the tip of the needle so it sits snugly against the first thread.

8. Continue wearing the stitches over and under the threads of the loop. Push the threads closely together.

9. Continue weaving until the loop is completely filled and the threads are firmly packed.

10. Remove the waste thread. Take the needle to the back to secure the tip at the required distance from A.

11. Pull the thread through. The bar slightiy curves and does not lie flat against the fabric.

Padded satin stitch

Several layers of satin stitch can be worked to create a domed shape. The padding is built by alternating layers of horizontal and vertical satin stitches over which the final layer of stitches is worked.

1. Work split stitch around the outline.

2. Work a small circle of satin stitches in the center

of the shape.

3. Stitch a slightly larger circle over the first, working the stitches in the opposite direction.

4. Continue working the circles, alternating between


5. Ensure the last layer of padding will be perpendicular to the final layer of

6. Using a new thread. work the final layer of satin stitch filling one half of the shape at a time, covering the split stlitch outline.

7. Completed padded satin stitch.

Raspberry Slip

A slip is a piece of embroidery that is worked separately from the main design before being appliqued to it.

1. Work small running stitches around the embroidered berry shape, close to the outline. Leave the tails on the front of the fabric.

2. Cut out the shape 3mm (1/8) away from the running stitches.

3. Pull up the running stitches to turn the seam allowance to the wrong side and tie off the thread.

4. Position the slip on the main fabric and pin in place.

5. Stitch the slip into place using matching thread, taking a small stab stitch between each knot on the outer edge.

6. Add extra knots if necessary

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