Stumpwork, as we know it, has its origins in the second half of the 17th century. During this period, fabulous examples were created employing a multitude of techniques, depicting flowers, animals, buildings and figures. Many of these stitches elevated the embroidery above the base fabric giving the stitching a three dimensional surface. These intriguing techniques have gained popularity with contemporary embroiderers and this style of raised embroidery is as fascinating today as it was hundreds of years ago.
REQUIREMENTS FOR EACH DESIGN
Fabric 25cm (10) square of cream silk satin
2 x 15cm (6) squares of quitter's muslin
15cm (6) embroidery hoop, inner ring bound
10cm (4) embroidery hoop
70cm (271/2 ) 30 gauge covered wire
Small amount of fibre-fill (crab apple only)
Awl or large darning needle
Fine black pen
Sharp HB pencil
Using three strands of L, stitch the main raspberry stems in outline stitch. Embroider the small stems using two strands.
Embroider the three buds in padded satin stitch following the step-by-step instructions, using A for
the large bud and G for the two small buds.
Using G, bring the thread to the front at the base of the large bud for the sepals. Take the needle to the back, just above the centre. Work two shorter straight stitches on each side of the manner, for the centre sepal (diag 1).
Stitching from the base of the bud, work a sepal on each side in a similar manner, adding a few shorter stitches along the left side Embroider three to four straight stitches, using A, at the top of each small green bud (diag 3).
Using K, work the centre in padded satin stitch. Using G, work five straight stitches to form each sepal, working the
stitches into the same hole at the outer edge (diag 4).
For the sepals of the tiny green raspberry below the top bud, embroider three needlewoven bars at the base of the marked position, using G. Leave a 10cm (4) tail of thread at the tip to anchor each bar after the berry is stitched. Using six strands of K, cover the tiny berry with French knots.
Secure the tip of each needlewoven bar close to its base, making it curl under itself (diag 5).
Work two needlewoven picots at the marked positions for the unripe raspberry below. Work three picots in the same manner at the positions for the remaining four raspberries.
Working from the base, embroider the stem in stem stitch using J.
Using M, outline the three dark buds in split stitch. Complete each bud in padded satin stitch in a similar manner to the raspberry buds.
Work the three flowers in padded satin stitch using E. Stitch the petals at the base of each flower in straight stitches. Using M, work straight stitches over the top of each flower. Leaf Using J, outline the leaf in split stitch then cover with satin stitch, carefully working around the flowers and raspberry stem. Detached elements The detached elements are worked with the muslin held taut in the small hoop. Raspberry slips At the top of two large berry shapes, scatter several French knots, blending four strands of D and two strands of H. Fill the remainder of the shape with closely worked French knots using six strands of D. On the two remaining large berries, work two to seven French knots at the base of each berry using six strands of B. Embroider knots using three strands each of D and B, to the approximate centre of each shape. Fill the remaining area with knots, using six strands of D. Cover the base of the unripe berry with French knots, using three strands each of C and K. Fill the centre using six strands of C and the remaining area using six strands of B.
Embroider the leaves following the step-by-step instructions, using F for the blanket stitch and satin stitch and I for the straight stitch veins. Petals
Couch a length of wire around each petal shape using A, leaving a 2cm (3/4) tail at each end (diag 6). Cover the outline with blanket stitch using the same thread. Fill each petal with satin stitch.
At the base of each petal work several straight stitches, using C.
Prepare and stitch the five raspberries in place following the step-by-step instructions.
Petals and leaves
Cut out the wired shapes very close to the blanket stitch edge.
Using the awl or large darning needle, prepare a hole in the fabric at the position for one leaf. Insert the wire tails through the hole in the fabric. Turn the work over and bend the wire tails back under the leaf. Secure the tails to the back of the fabric with overcast stitch. Trim the wire dose to the end of the stitching. Repeat for the remaining two leaves and five petals. Using two strands of N, work a circle of Ghiordes knots around the flower centre, following the step-by-step instructions. Trim the knots to 3mm (1/8) and comb gently. Shape the petals and leaves as desired.
Raspberries and bluebell
DMC stranded cotton
A = blanc
B = 223 It shell pink
C - 225 ultra It shell pink
D = 326 vy deep rose
E = 341 It blue-violet
F = 471 vy It avocado green
G = 524 vy It fern green
H = 902 maroon
I = 937 med avocado green
J = 3012 med khaki green
K=3013 It khaki green
L = 3363 med pine green
M = 3807 cornflower blue
N - 3821 med straw
See also Hand Embroidery Patterns and Embroidery Needlepoint Stitches. See the step by step details of embroidery in next articles