Cutwork embroidery or Richelieu embroidery was very popular in 17th-18th centuries in Central Europe. The mother country of this technique is France, the country of skillful needlework. The works of the openwork embroidery technique resemble the thinnest refined lace. The combination of stitches, specifically the technique of satin stitches andcutwork embroidery, looks very impressive. Cutwork embroidery is quite difficult to perform and requires great preciseness and patience. However, the end result surpasses all the expectations.
The stitching ofcutwork embroiderymay be performed either by hand or by using a sewing machine. Furthermore, we are going to describe the main methods of making stitches in this technique.
Cutworkembroidery: instruments and materials
Materials for Cutwork embroidery
Fabrics. The embroidery is made from fabrics that do not stretch or deform. Cotton and satin will work fine for beginners. To work with thinner fabrics, such as silk, you are going to need certain skills.
Threads. You can use any kind of thread for embroidery. The classic technique of Richelieu embroidery suggests that the threads used are of the same color as the fabric. However, at present, various colors of threads are often applied for embroidery in this technique.
What instruments will you need?
For work incutwork embroideryyou are going to need:
Needles for satin stitches for hand embroidery
Thin, sharp scissors
A sewing machine for machine embroidery
Frames or tambour for embroidery
A fabric marker or pencil
Cutwork embroidery: main methods
Sincecutwork embroideryis a variety of satin stitches, the main stitches in this technique are satin stitches with planking, contour satin stitches, and common satin stitches.
Cutwork embroiderylace consists of patterns, mainly with plant themes and braided bridges, which are made like webs between the patterns.
Openwork Richelieu embroidery is very expressive thanks to its flexibility in design. It includes a few methods of three-dimensional embroidery.
To create straight and inclined lines, you can use a method of satin stitches with planking. Make 2 seams of backstitches along the contours, then trim them with even and dense stitches. You can make straight or slantwise stitches.
To make a cutwork figure of the pattern, you will need to make backstitches or chain stitches along the pattern’s contour. Then, make a cut in the middle of the pattern. Embroider the contour with dense stitches. The density of the stitches must be enough so that the cut fabric doesn’t fray.
Three-dimensional satin stitches, performed similar to stitches with planking, are also used in openwork embroidery. For this purpose, the pattern is first filled with backstitches. Then, the planking with common stitches is made. The closer you make your stitches, the more extensional the embroidery will be.
After all of the pattern’s fragments are filled with backstitches or chain stitches, move on to joining them with braids. To make a braid extending from one embroidery pattern’s fragment to another, you need to pass a double thread a stitch from one fragment of the embroidery to the other. Then, twist around the braid with loop stitches. It’s possible to simply wind around the braid tightly with a thread. To join a few fragments of the patterns, you can make braids-nets. For this, two intersecting ones are passed and trimmed, first the bottom part and then the top one until the middle. The place where the braids are crossed is fixed and then each of the braids is trimmed. The needle is passed through the last braid towards the center of the net and the joining of the braids is twisted with a thread a few times.
Sequence of work in the Cutwork embroidery technique
1. Transfer the pattern to the fabric.
2. Stretch the fabric over the embroidery frame.
3. Baste all the contours with double or single backstitches or chain stitches.
4. Make the braids.
5. Cut the fabric through in the necessary spots.
6. Trim the pattern along the contour with loop stitches or satin stitches.
We hope that our article will help you master this wonderful type of needlework.Cutwork embroiderywill bring you great satisfaction with its refinement and beauty. The lace in the technique of cutwork embroideryis a wonderful decoration for clothes, bed linen, curtains, serviettes and other interior objects.
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