Embroidery Designs and Techniques What is embroidery

Ribbon embroidery

About embroidery What is embroidery?

What is embroidery? Embroidery is the art of decorating fabric with needle and thread or yarn. Embroidery knows no restrictions; an idea of any complexity can be fulfilled. These are the small adornment of clothes, and huge embroidered copies of genuine pieces of art. You can use different threads for embroidery such as silk, embroidery threads, wool, metalized, golden, silver, etc. In addition, glass beads, purl beads, bugles, coins, semiprecious and precious stones can be used for embroidery.


History of embroidery

Man learned to used thread and needle for decorative purposes long before Christ. Embroidery was a real art in the ancient East. Traditional Chinese embroidery, for instance, is still preserved. The mastery of Chinese embroideries is well-know all over the world. In the Middles Ages embroidery was the favorite hobby of the European aristocracy. It was appreciated both by court ladies and by crown-bearers. Today embroidery is still a popular hobby.

Embroidery techniques

There are two types of embroidery: hand embroidery and machine embroidery. Hand embroidery can be relatively divided into two methods as well. These are embroidery using decorative threads and embroidery with decorative elements such as glass beads, ribbons, purl beads, stones, etc. There are different types of embroidery. We will further describe hand embroidery.

Cross stitchingCross stitching

Cross stitching is the most common type of embroidery. Any material with a special fabric called canvas can be used for the basis of embroidery. In this case canvas is carefully removed after the work is finished. You can also use canvas alone if it is thick enough.

There are following stitches which are used for cross stitching: cross stitch, half cross stitch, ¾ cross stitch, ¼ cross stitch. There are also other stitches such as long-armed cross stitch, straight cross stitch, double cross stitch, “Star” cross stitch, Bulgarian cross stitch, etc.
Here you can find design and patterns for cross stitching.


Satin stitching

Satin stitchingSating stitching is the earliest technique. It was applied in the Ancient East. It is also known as damask stitch. Satin stitching is like drawing. Fabric is used instead of paper, and brushes are substituted with needle and thread. The stitches are performed in the same way as strokes of the paint brush. The pictures are filled with stitches to make the surface of embroidery totally flat. With satin technique you can create whether simple tiny clothes adornment or wonderful huge pictures, tablecloths, panels etc.

There are the following basic stitches used for satin stitching.

~Satin stitch is the most popular method.

~Padded satin stitch is used for adding volume to the embroidery.

~Adjoining satin stitch is used for filling large surfaces with the same color.

~Brick stitch. Brick stitchThe stitches used are of the same length, and the next line starts from the middle of a previous one. Using such stitches is convenient when you need to change the colors.

~Long-and-short stitch. These are stitches of different length, which alternate each other. They can be used for hatching a contour.
There are also other styles of satin stitching.

There are also other styles of satin stitching.

These are stitches past through, bullion knot, French knot, ending stitch etc.

Ideas and patterns for satin stitches can be found here.

Broderie anglaise

Broderie anglaise

Broderie anglaise or guipure is the variety of satin stitching or encroaching satin stitch. This technique originated in Italy, and became popular in the 16th-17th century. Broderie anglaise technique will let you create wonderful lace consisting of curls, flowers motifs which are connected by bridges called breeds. The work is usually performed by using one color.

Needlewomen use following stitches.

“Needle forward” stitch. It serves to mark the contour of the embroidery. This stitch is usually doubled.

“Thin satin roll” stitch is used for embroidering the contour and adding volume.

Loop stitch and darning stitch can be used for sewing the bridges.

Broderie anglaise is a complicated and effortful process. But the result is higher than any expectations. You can find motifs and patterns for broderie anglaise here.

Ribbon embroideryRibbon embroideryRibbon embroidery is a special embroidery style. It was originated in France in the 15th-16th century. This style became popular in Europe in the 19th century Ribbon embroidery has nothing in common with the embroidery styles listed above. Embroidering is performed by ribbons instead of threads. Ribbon embroidery is usually used for creating plant patterns and compositions. You can create beautiful and volumetric patterns combining different colors and sizes of ribbons. This embroidery style can be applied in clothes adorning, creating decorative pillows, panels, blankets, etc.

Ribbon embroidery

There are the following methods of ribbon embroidery like “rococo” knot, colonial knot, French knot, “buttonhole” stitch, “capture” stitch, ribbon stitch, loop stitch, “needle forward” stitch, and straight stitch.

Ribbon embroidery is an artistic process. Combining the variety of materials and ideas will make ribbon embroidery a fascinating and great hobby.